How Does Water Softener Work?

How Does Water Softener Work?

One of the questions that most users have about a water softener is how it will work. You may surely know that a typical water softening system will be capable enough to reduce the calcium and magnesium ions by exchanging them with sodium ions. The main reason to purchase and have a water softener at your home is hard water.

Hard water, as you may know, is water with a high mineral content with especially calcium or magnesium. When the hard water will enter your home, it is sure to leave some scale marks on the pipes, appliances, and other objects.

Water Softener

It is possible that if you do not do anything about it then it can clog pipes and reduce the efficiency of the equipment that uses hard water. It will surely have a huge impact on your everyday life including cooking, cleaning, doing laundry, and other things.

Aquios FS-234 Whole House Jumbo Water Filter Softener
Aquios FS-234 Whole House Jumbo Water Filter Softener

A water softener basically contains a resin tank that consists of thousands of tiny resin beads that are capable enough to hold electrically charged ions. When the beads are freshly regenerated, they become full of sodium ions using the water softener salt. As the hard water will pass through the water softener system, it will make sure to attract the sodium and magnesium ions to the beads which will be the medium to exchange sodium ions.

The sodium ions will be exchanged with the calcium and magnesium to soften the hard water. The water softener will thereby provide the user with soft water that they can use wherever they want to.

As there are so many benefits of soft water, more and more people are purchasing the water softener. If you wish to get the best performance from the water softener then it is essential for you to check the water softener regularly. You need to keep tabs on the regular maintenance to ensure not only the longevity of the water softener but also its overall performance and efficiency.

The water softener salt is the most important thing in the overall process of exchanging sodium ions with calcium and magnesium to turn hard water into soft. So you need to make sure that the level of the water softener salt is sufficient enough to soften the hard water effectively.

Selecting The Right Salt:

It is very much essential for the user to choose or select the salt that is right for the water softener that you have at your home. The right salt can be able to make all the difference when you are dealing with the water softener. If you are selecting the right kind of salt then the water softener will be much more comfortable and easy to use as well as operate. But choosing an inappropriate salt will make sure that using the water softener will be full of hassle and difficulty.

Here are some factors that you need to consider when you are selecting the right salt for the water softener. 


Pellets are the kind of form that most people and users will recommend when using a water softener. But the salt is available in the form of crystal and block among which the best suitable salt will make the water softener work smoothly. Some products will provide you an option to select all the three forms of salt when you are purchasing it.

So you need to choose the form of salt that you think will be best for your water softener. It will be beneficial for you to consider reading the owner’s manual to know about the recommended form.


You must know that purity plays an important part when you are choosing the right kind of salt for your water softener. So you need to keep in mind that the higher the purity of the salt the lesser will be the tank storage residue. That will overall result in less maintenance that you will need to do for the better performance and longevity of the water softener.

The high purity salt will be able to eliminate or remove bridging. Bridging is a condition where salts will stick together to form a bridge that prevents it from dissolving with the water. Some salts are available in the market that will help the water softener last longer and become more efficient. So the user can be able to get the most out of the water softener when using higher purity of salt.

Specialty Salts:

It is sure that different geographical areas will possibly have different water sources as well as different mineral content. There can be specific problems such as iron concentration, rust stains, and sodium content when you are dealing with some salts. The best thing you can do is choose a salt that is perfectly suitable for it.

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